The Prime Minister (Swedish: statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden. Before the creation of the office of a Prime Minister in 1876, Sweden did not have a head of government separate from its head of state, namely the King, in whom the executive authority was vested. Louis De Geer, the architect behind the new bicameral Riksdag of 1866 that replaced the centuries-old Riksdag of the Estates, became the first officeholder in 1876. The current Prime Minister of Sweden is Stefan Löfven, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. Below is the list and statistics of Prime Ministers of Sweden since the creation of the office in 1876. The list does not include acting prime ministers, the only example to date is Östen Undén who served as acting prime minister from 6 to 11 October 1946.
- 1 List of Prime Ministers
- 2 Statistics
- 3 See also
- 4 Notes
List of Prime Ministers
List of Prime Ministers under the United Kingdom of Norway and Sweden (1818–1905)
|Term of office
|12 March 1818||6 October 1847||Independent
|Björnstjerna Cabinet||Carl XIV Johan|
|1818, 1825, 1837, 1843|
|Regarded as the first Prime Minister in the modern sense; aftermath of the South Sea Bubble crash in 1720; the Licensing Act 1737; resigned, five days after being raised from House of Commons to the Lords, after a failing performance in dealing with the War of Jenkins' Ear, which began in 1739, and accusations of corruption in 1742.|
|6 October 1847||1 September 1849||Royalty||Akerson Cabinet|
|Charles Magnus Carlsson
|1 September 1849||5 April 1850||Royalty||Carlsson Cabinet|
|5 April 1850||17 August 1859||Royalty||Bjornberg Cabinet|
List of Prime Ministers under the United Kingdom of Norway and Sweden (1876–1905)
|Took office||Left office|
|Louis Gerhard De Geer
|80px||20 March 1876||19 April 1880||Independent||L.G. De Geer II||80px|
|bgcolor=Template:Lantmanna and Bourgeois Party/meta/color|||Arvid Posse
|80px||19 April 1880||13 June 1883||Lantmanna Party||Posse|
|Carl Johan Thyselius
|80px||June 13, 1883||May 16, 1884||Independent||Thyselius|
|80px||16 May 1884||6 February 1888||Independent||Themptander|
|80px||6 February 1888||12 October 1889||Independent||G. Bildt|
|80px||12 October 1889||10 July 1891||Protectionist Majority Party||Åkerhielm|
|bgcolor=Template:Lantmanna and Bourgeois Party/meta/color|||Erik Gustaf Boström
|80px||10 July 1891||12 September 1900||Lantmanna Party||Boström I|
|Fredrik von Otter
|80px||12 September 1900||5 July 1902||Independent||von Otter|
|bgcolor=Template:Lantmanna and Bourgeois Party/meta/color|||Erik Gustaf Boström (2nd term)
|80px||5 July 1902||13 April 1905||Lantmanna Party||Boström II|
|80px||13 April 1905||2 August 1905||Independent||Ramstedt|
|80px||2 August 1905||7 November 1905||Protectionist Majority Party||Lundeberg|
Prime Ministers under the Kingdom of Sweden (1905–present)
|#||Prime Minister||Date of birth||Age at ascension
|Time in office
|Age at retirement
|Date of death||Longevity|
|1||Louis De Geer, Sr.||18 July 1818||Template:Ntsh57 years, 246 days||Template:Ntsh4 years, 30 days||Template:Ntsh61 years, 276 days||24 September 1896||78 years, 68 days|
|2||Arvid Posse||15 February 1820||Template:Ntsh60 years, 64 days||Template:Ntsh3 years, 58 days||Template:Ntsh63 years, 121 days||24 April 1901||81 years, 68 days|
|3||Carl Johan Thyselius||8 June 1811||Template:Ntsh72 years, 5 days||Template:Ntsh37 days||Template:Ntsh72 years, 342 days||11 January 1891||79 years, 217 days|
|4||Robert Themptander||14 February 1844||Template:Ntsh40 years, 92 days||Template:Ntsh3 years, 266 days||Template:Ntsh43 years, 357 days||30 January 1897||52 years, 47 days|
|5||Gillis Bildt||16 October 1820||Template:Ntsh67 years, 113 days||Template:Ntsh1 year, 248 days||Template:Ntsh68 years, 361 days||22 October 1894||74 years, 6 days|
|6||Gustaf Åkerhielm||24 July 1833||Template:Ntsh56 years, 80 days||Template:Ntsh1 year, 271 days||Template:Ntsh57 years, 351 days||2 April 1900||66 years, 252 days|
|7||Erik Gustaf Boström||11 February 1842||Template:Ntsh49 years, 149 days||Template:Ntsh11 years, 346 days||Template:Ntsh63 years, 61 days||21 February 1907||65 years, 10 days|
|8||Fredrik von Otter||11 April 1833||Template:Ntsh67 years, 154 days||Template:Ntsh1 year , 296 days||Template:Ntsh69 years, 85 days||9 March 1910||76 years, 332 days|
|9||Johan Ramstedt||7 November 1852||Template:Ntsh52 years, 157 days||Template:Ntsh111 days||Template:Ntsh52 years, 268 days||15 March 1935||82 years, 128 days|
|10||Christian Lundeberg||14 July 1842||Template:Ntsh63 years, 19 days||Template:Ntsh97 days||Template:Ntsh63 years, 116 days||10 November 1911||69 years, 119 days|
|11||Karl Staaff||21 January 1860||Template:Ntsh45 years, 290 days||Template:Ntsh2 years, 336 days||Template:Ntsh54 years, 27 days||4 October 1915||55 years, 256 days|
|12||Arvid Lindman||19 September 1862||Template:Ntsh43 years, 252 days||Template:Ntsh7 years, 14 days||Template:Ntsh49 years, 18 days||9 December 1936||74 years, 81 days|
|13||Hjalmar Hammarskjöld||4 February 1862||Template:Ntsh52 years, 13 days||Template:Ntsh3 years, 41 days||Template:Ntsh55 years, 54 days||12 October 1953||91 years, 250 days|
|14||Carl Swartz||5 June 1858||Template:Ntsh58 years, 298 days||Template:Ntsh203 days||Template:Ntsh59 years, 136 days||6 November 1926||68 years, 154 days|
|15||Nils Edén||25 August 1871||Template:Ntsh46 years, 55 days||Template:Ntsh2 years, 143 days||Template:Ntsh48 years, 198 days||16 June 1945||73 years, 295 days|
|16||Hjalmar Branting||23 November 1860||Template:Ntsh59 years, 108 days||Template:Ntsh2 years, 152 days||Template:Ntsh64 years, 62 days||24 February 1925||64 years, 93 days|
|17||Louis De Geer, Jr.||27 November 1854||Template:Ntsh65 years, 335 days||Template:Ntsh119 days||Template:Ntsh66 years, 88 days||25 February 1935||80 years, 90 days|
|18||Oscar von Sydow||12 July 1873||Template:Ntsh47 years, 226 days||Template:Ntsh232 days||Template:Ntsh48 years, 93 days||19 August 1936||63 years, 38 days|
|19||Ernst Trygger||27 October 1857||Template:Ntsh65 years, 174 days||Template:Ntsh1 year, 182 days||Template:Ntsh66 years, 357 days||23 September 1943||85 years, 331 days|
|20||Rickard Sandler||29 January 1884||Template:Ntsh40 years, 361 days||Template:Ntsh1 year, 134 days||Template:Ntsh42 years, 129 days||12 November 1964||80 years, 288 days|
|21||Carl Gustaf Ekman||6 October 1872||Template:Ntsh53 years, 244 days||Template:Ntsh4 years, 177 days||Template:Ntsh59 years, 305 days||15 June 1945||72 years, 252 days|
|22||Felix Hamrin||14 January 1875||Template:Ntsh57 years, 205 days||Template:Ntsh49 days||Template:Ntsh57 years, 254 days||27 November 1937||62 years, 317 days|
|23||Per Albin Hansson||28 October 1885||Template:Ntsh46 years, 332 days||Template:Ntsh12 years, 277 days||Template:Ntsh60 years, 343 days||6 October 1946||60 years, 343 days|
|24||Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp||19 August 1883||Template:Ntsh52 years, 305 days||Template:Ntsh101 days||Template:Ntsh53 years, 40 days||19 February 1954||70 years, 184 days|
|25||Tage Erlander||13 June 1901||Template:Ntsh45 years, 120 days||Template:Ntsh23 years, 3 days||Template:Ntsh68 years, 123 days||21 June 1985||84 years, 8 days|
|26||Olof Palme||30 January 1927||Template:Ntsh42 years, 257 days||Template:Ntsh10 years, 139 days||Template:Ntsh59 years, 30 days||28 February 1986||59 years, 29 days|
|27||Thorbjörn Fälldin||24 April 1926||Template:Ntsh50 years, 167 days||Template:Ntsh5 years, 10 days||Template:Ntsh56 years, 167 days||Living||95 years, 53 days|
|28||Ola Ullsten||23 June 1931||Template:Ntsh47 years, 117 days||Template:Ntsh359 days||Template:Ntsh48 years, 111 days||Living||89 years, 358 days|
|29||Ingvar Carlsson||9 November 1934||Template:Ntsh51 years, 112 days||Template:Ntsh7 years, 19 days||Template:Ntsh61 years, 134 days||Living||86 years, 219 days|
|30||Carl Bildt||15 July 1949||Template:Ntsh42 years, 91 days||Template:Ntsh3 years, 3 days||Template:Ntsh45 years, 94 days||Living||71 years, 336 days|
|31||Göran Persson||20 January 1949||Template:Ntsh47 years, 62 days||Template:Ntsh10 years, 198 days||Template:Ntsh57 years, 259 days||Living||72 years, 147 days|
|32||Fredrik Reinfeldt||4 August 1965||Template:Ntsh41 years, 63 days||Template:Ntsh7 years, 362 days||Template:Ntsh49 years, 60 days||Living||55 years, 316 days|
|33||Stefan Löfven||21 July 1957||Template:Ntsh57 years, 73 days||Template:Ntsh6 years, 256 days||Incumbent||Living||63 years, 330 days|
- The earliest born prime minister was the third one to enter office, Carl Johan Thyselius, born on 8 June 1811. The latest born is Fredrik Reinfeldt, born on 4 August 1965.
- The first prime minister to die (who also happens to be the first one born) was the third one to enter office (Carl Johan Thyselius), who died on 11 January 1891. The latest one to die was Olof Palme, who died on February 28, 1986.
- The oldest prime minister has been Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, who died at an age of 91 years, 250 days. Of those still living, Thorbjörn Fälldin is the oldest, at an age of 95 years, 53 days. He made it into the "top 5 list" by surpassing Johan Ramstedt on 31 August 2008. He would have to live until 2 January 2018 to surpass Hjalmar Hammarskjöld and become the oldest Swedish prime minister ever (living until 1 January 2018, he would tie with Hammarskjöld).
- The youngest prime minister at his death has been Robert Themptander, who died at an age of 52 years, 351 days.
- The oldest prime minister to enter office was Carl Johan Thyselius, who entered office at an age of 72 years, 5 days. The youngest one was his closest successor Robert Themptander, who entered office at 40 years, 92 days.
- The record for longest period in office is held by Tage Erlander at 23 years, 3 days. The shortest period in office is held by Östen Undén (5 days), but as he was only acting, the shortest ordinary period was Felix Hamrin's, lasting for 49 days.
- The longest time span between two terms of the same minister was between Arvid Lindman's, at 16 years, 361 days between the end of his first term (7 October 1911) and the beginning of his second term (2 October 1928). The shortest time span between two terms of the same minister was 101 days, which was the time of Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp's term between the end of Per Albin Hansson's first (19 June 1936) and the beginning of his second (September 28, 1936).
- Two of the prime ministers (Per Albin Hansson and Olof Palme) have died in office and Palme is the only one who has been assassinated. Thus, those two have not had any life after office (not counting their interim periods between their respective terms). When it comes to those who have, Hjalmar Branting had the shortest time, dying only 31 days after his resignation (he resigned because of health issues and died from Myocarditis and Gallstone). The prime minister living the longest time after resignation was Rickard Sandler, who died 38 years, 159 days after his resignation. This record will be surpassed by Ola Ullsten if he is still alive on 1 March 2018 (Ullsten would then be almost 87 years old).
- The largest number of former and present prime minister living at the same time is 11, which has happened once. This period lasted from 24 September 1932 (the ascension of Per Albin Hansson) to 25 February 1935 (the death of Louis De Geer, Jr.) (2 years, 154 days). During that time, Per Albin Hansson was the present and former still living prime ministers were Johan Ramstedt, Arvid Lindman, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Nils Edén, Louis De Geer, Jr., Oscar von Sydow, Ernst Trygger, Rickard Sandler, Carl Gustaf Ekman, and Felix Hamrin.
- Prime Minister of Sweden
- Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
- Swedish governmental line of succession
- Elections in Sweden
- Living Prime Ministers of Sweden
- List of cabinets of Sweden
- List of Swedish politicians
- List of Spouses of the Prime Ministers of Sweden
- The assassination of Charles M. Carlsson, 5 April 1850, aged 59
- Assassinated in office.
- After the assassination of Olof Palme, Carlsson was acting prime minister from 1 to 12 March 1986.