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The Prime Minister (Swedish: statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden. Before the creation of the office of a Prime Minister in 1876, Sweden did not have a head of government separate from its head of state, namely the King, in whom the executive authority was vested. Louis De Geer, the architect behind the new bicameral Riksdag of 1866 that replaced the centuries-old Riksdag of the Estates, became the first officeholder in 1876. The current Prime Minister of Sweden is Stefan Löfven, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. Below is the list and statistics of Prime Ministers of Sweden since the creation of the office in 1876. The list does not include acting prime ministers, the only example to date is Östen Undén who served as acting prime minister from 6 to 11 October 1946.

List of Prime Ministers

Template:Politics of Sweden Template:Swedish politics color key

List of Prime Ministers under the United Kingdom of Norway and Sweden (1818–1905)

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Government Monarch
(Reign)
1 Count Magnus Björnstjerna, av Johan Gustaf Sandberg Magnus Björnstjerna
(1762–1848)
12 March 1818 6 October 1847 Independent
(before 1818)
Royalty
(after 1818)
Björnstjerna Cabinet Carl XIV Johan
Charles XIV John de Radziłów
(1818–1844)
1818, 1825, 1837, 1843
Regarded as the first Prime Minister in the modern sense; aftermath of the South Sea Bubble crash in 1720; the Licensing Act 1737; resigned, five days after being raised from House of Commons to the Lords, after a failing performance in dealing with the War of Jenkins' Ear, which began in 1739, and accusations of corruption in 1742.
Oscar I
Erik (Wahlberg) Wahlbergson - Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway 1844-1859 - Google Art Project
(1844–1859)
Johan Akerson
(1768–1849)
Placeholder 6 October 1847 1 September 1849 Royalty Akerson Cabinet
Charles Magnus Carlsson
(1790–1850)
Placeholder 1 September 1849 5 April 1850[1] Royalty Carlsson Cabinet
Laurentius Bjornberg
(1801–1876)
Placeholder 5 April 1850 17 August 1859 Royalty Bjornberg Cabinet

List of Prime Ministers under the United Kingdom of Norway and Sweden (1876–1905)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term Political Party Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office
Louis Gerhard De Geer
(1818–1896)
80px 20 March 1876 19 April 1880 Independent L.G. De Geer II 80px
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
bgcolor=Template:Lantmanna and Bourgeois Party/meta/color| Arvid Posse
(1820–1901)
80px 19 April 1880 13 June 1883 Lantmanna Party Posse
Carl Johan Thyselius
(1811–1891)
80px June 13, 1883 May 16, 1884 Independent Thyselius
Robert Themptander
(1844–1897)
80px 16 May 1884 6 February 1888 Independent Themptander
Gillis Bildt
(1820–1894)
80px 6 February 1888 12 October 1889 Independent G. Bildt
Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm
(1833–1900)
80px 12 October 1889 10 July 1891 Protectionist Majority Party Åkerhielm
bgcolor=Template:Lantmanna and Bourgeois Party/meta/color| Erik Gustaf Boström
(1842–1907)
80px 10 July 1891 12 September 1900 Lantmanna Party Boström I
Fredrik von Otter
(1833–1910)
80px 12 September 1900 5 July 1902 Independent von Otter
bgcolor=Template:Lantmanna and Bourgeois Party/meta/color| Erik Gustaf Boström (2nd term)
(1842–1907)
80px 5 July 1902 13 April 1905 Lantmanna Party Boström II
Johan Ramstedt
(1852–1935)
80px 13 April 1905 2 August 1905 0Independent Ramstedt
Christian Lundeberg
(1842–1911)
80px 2 August 1905 7 November 1905 Protectionist Majority Party Lundeberg

Christian LundebergJohan RamstedtErik Gustaf BoströmFredrik von OtterErik Gustaf BoströmGustaf ÅkerhielmGillis BildtRobert ThemptanderCarl Johan ThyseliusArvid PosseLouis Gerhard De Geer

Prime Ministers under the Kingdom of Sweden (1905–present)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term Political Party Election(s) Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Duration
Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
80px 7 November 1905 29 May 1906 203 days Liberal Coalition Party 1905 Staaff I
LS
80px
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
80px 29 May 1906 7 October 1911 5 years, 131 days General Electoral League 1908 Lindman I
AvF
Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
80px 7 October 1911 17 February 1914 2 years, 133 days Liberal Coalition Party 1911 Staaff II
LS
80px
Gustaf V
(1907–1950)
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
(1862–1953)
80px 17 February 1914 30 March 1917 3 years, 41 days Independent March 1914
September 1914
Hammarskjöld
Carl Swartz
(1858–1926)
80px 30 March 1917 19 October 1917 203 days National Party 1908 Swartz
N
Nils Edén
(1871–1945)
80px 19 October 1917 10 March 1920 2 years, 143 days Liberal Coalition Party 1917 Edén
LS-S
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
80px 10 March 1920 27 October 1920 231 days Social Democrats Branting I
S
Gerhard Louis De Geer
(1854–1935)
80px 27 October 1920 23 February 1921 119 days Independent 1920 G.L. De Geer
Oscar von Sydow
(1873–1936)
80px 23 February 1921 13 October 1921 232 days Independent von Sydow
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
80px 13 October 1921 19 April 1923 1 year, 188 days Social Democrats 1921 Branting II
S
Ernst Trygger
(1857–1943)
80px 19 April 1923 18 October 1924 1 year, 182 days National Party Trygger
N
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
80px 18 October 1924 24 January 1925 98 days Social Democrats 1924 Branting III
S
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Rickard Sandler
(1884–1964)
80px 24 January 1925 7 June 1926 1 year, 134 days Social Democrats Sandler
S
Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
80px 7 June 1926 2 October 1928 2 years, 117 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman I
FF-L
Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
80px 2 October 1928 7 June 1930 1 year, 248 days General Electoral League 1928 Lindman II
AvF
Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
80px 7 June 1930 6 August 1932 2 years, 60 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman II
FF
Felix Hamrin
(1875–1937)
80px 6 August 1932 24 September 1932 49 days Freeminded People's Party Hamrin
FF
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
80px 24 September 1932 19 June 1936 3 years, 269 days Social Democrats 1932 Hansson I
S
bgcolor=Template:Centre Party (Sweden)/meta/color| Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
(1883–1954)
80px 19 June 1936 28 September 1936 101 days Farmers' League Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Bf
rowspan=3 bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
80px 28 September 1936 13 December 1939 10 years, 8 days Social Democrats 1936 Hansson II
SBf
13 December 1939 31 July 1945 1940
1944
Hansson III
SBfAvFFP
31 July 1945 6 October 1946 Hansson IV
S
rowspan=3 bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Tage Erlander
(1901–1985)
80px 11 October 1946 1 October 1951 23 years, 3 days Social Democrats 1948 Erlander I
S
1 October 1951 31 October 1957 1952
1956
Erlander II
SBf
80px
Gustaf VI Adolf
(1950–1973)
31 October 1957 14 October 1969 1958
1960
1964
1968
Erlander III
S
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
80px 14 October 1969 8 October 1976 6 years, 360 days Social Democrats 1970
1973
Palme I
S
bgcolor=Template:Centre Party (Sweden)/meta/color| Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926–)
80px 8 October 1976 18 October 1978 2 years, 10 days Centre Party 1976 Fälldin I
CMFP
80px
Carl XVI Gustaf
(1973–)
bgcolor=Template:Liberal People's Party (Sweden)/meta/color| Ola Ullsten
(1931–)
80px 18 October 1978 12 October 1979 362 days People's Party Ullsten
FP
rowspan=2 bgcolor=Template:Centre Party (Sweden)/meta/color| Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926–)
80px 12 October 1979 22 May 1981 2 years, 361 days Centre Party 1979 Fälldin II
CMFP
22 May 1981 8 October 1982 Fälldin III
CFP
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
80px 8 October 1982 28 February 1986[2] 3 years, 143 days Social Democrats 1982
1985
Palme II
S
rowspan=2 bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Ingvar Carlsson
(1934–)
80px 1 March 1986[3] 27 February 1990 5 years, 217 days Social Democrats 1988 Carlsson I
S
27 February 1990 4 October 1991 Carlsson II
S
bgcolor=Template:Moderate Party/meta/color| Carl Bildt
(1949–)
80px 4 October 1991 7 October 1994 3 years, 3 days Moderate Party 1991 C. Bildt
MCFPKD
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Ingvar Carlsson
(1934–)
80px 7 October 1994 22 March 1996 1 year, 167 days Social Democrats 1994 Carlsson III
S
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Göran Persson
(1949–)
80px 22 March 1996 6 October 2006 10 years, 198 days Social Democrats 1998
2002
Persson
S
bgcolor=Template:Moderate Party/meta/color| Fredrik Reinfeldt
(1965–)
80px 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 7 years, 362 days Moderate Party
(Alliance for Sweden)
2006
2010
Reinfeldt
MCFPKD
bgcolor=Template:Swedish Social Democratic Party/meta/color| Stefan Löfven
(1957–)
80px 3 October 2014 Incumbent 5 years, 350 days Social Democrats 2014 Löfven
SMP

Statistics

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 De Geer, Louis 1Louis De Geer, Sr. 18 July 1818(J18 uly 1818) Template:Ntsh57 years, 246 days Template:Ntsh4 years,  30 days Template:Ntsh61 years, 276 days 24 September 1896 78 years, 68 days
2 Posse, ArvidArvid Posse 15 February 1820(15 February 1820) Template:Ntsh60 years,  64 days Template:Ntsh3 years,  58 days Template:Ntsh63 years, 121 days 24 April 1901 81 years, 68 days
3 Thyselius, Carl JohanCarl Johan Thyselius 8 June 1811(8 June 1811) Template:Ntsh72 years,   5 days Template:Ntsh37 days Template:Ntsh72 years, 342 days 11 January 1891 79 years, 217 days
4 Themptander, RobertRobert Themptander 14 February 1844(14 February 1844) Template:Ntsh40 years,  92 days Template:Ntsh3 years, 266 days Template:Ntsh43 years, 357 days 30 January 1897 52 years, 47 days
5 Bildt, GillisGillis Bildt 16 October 1820(16 October 1820) Template:Ntsh67 years, 113 days Template:Ntsh1 year, 248 days Template:Ntsh68 years, 361 days 22 October 1894 74 years, 6 days
6 Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm 24 July 1833(24 July 1833) Template:Ntsh56 years,  80 days Template:Ntsh1 year, 271 days Template:Ntsh57 years, 351 days 2 April 1900 66 years, 252 days
7 Boström, Erik GustafErik Gustaf Boström 11 February 1842(11 February 1842) Template:Ntsh49 years, 149 days Template:Ntsh11 years, 346 days Template:Ntsh63 years,  61 days 21 February 1907 65 years, 10 days
8 Otter, Fredrik vonFredrik von Otter 11 April 1833(11 April 1833) Template:Ntsh67 years, 154 days Template:Ntsh1 year , 296 days Template:Ntsh69 years,  85 days 9 March 1910 76 years, 332 days
9 Ramstedt, JohanJohan Ramstedt 7 November 1852(7 November 1852) Template:Ntsh52 years, 157 days Template:Ntsh111 days Template:Ntsh52 years, 268 days 15 March 1935 82 years, 128 days
10 Lundeberg, ChristianChristian Lundeberg 14 July 1842(14 July 1842) Template:Ntsh63 years, 19 days Template:Ntsh97 days Template:Ntsh63 years, 116 days 10 November 1911 69 years, 119 days
11 Staaff, KarlKarl Staaff 21 January 1860(21 January 1860) Template:Ntsh45 years, 290 days Template:Ntsh2 years, 336 days Template:Ntsh54 years,  27 days 4 October 1915 55 years, 256 days
12 Lindman, ArvidArvid Lindman 19 September 1862(19 September 1862) Template:Ntsh43 years, 252 days Template:Ntsh7 years,  14 days Template:Ntsh49 years,  18 days 9 December 1936 74 years, 81 days
13 Hammarskjöld, HjalmarHjalmar Hammarskjöld 4 February 1862(4 February 1862) Template:Ntsh52 years,  13 days Template:Ntsh3 years,  41 days Template:Ntsh55 years,  54 days 12 October 1953 91 years, 250 days
14 Swartz, CarlCarl Swartz 5 June 1858(5 June 1858) Template:Ntsh58 years, 298 days Template:Ntsh203 days Template:Ntsh59 years, 136 days 6 November 1926 68 years, 154 days
15 Edén, NilsNils Edén 25 August 1871(August 1871) Template:Ntsh46 years,  55 days Template:Ntsh2 years, 143 days Template:Ntsh48 years, 198 days 16 June 1945 73 years, 295 days
16 Branting, HjalmarHjalmar Branting 23 November 1860(23 November 1860) Template:Ntsh59 years, 108 days Template:Ntsh2 years, 152 days Template:Ntsh64 years,  62 days 24 February 1925 64 years, 93 days
17 De Geer, Louis 2Louis De Geer, Jr. 27 November 1854(27 November 1854) Template:Ntsh65 years, 335 days Template:Ntsh119 days Template:Ntsh66 years,  88 days 25 February 1935 80 years, 90 days
18 Sydow, Oscar vonOscar von Sydow 12 July 1873(12 July 1873) Template:Ntsh47 years, 226 days Template:Ntsh232 days Template:Ntsh48 years,  93 days 19 August 1936 63 years, 38 days
19 Trygger, ErnstErnst Trygger 27 October 1857(27 October 1857) Template:Ntsh65 years, 174 days Template:Ntsh1 year, 182 days Template:Ntsh66 years, 357 days 23 September 1943 85 years, 331 days
20 Sandler, RickardRickard Sandler 29 January 1884(29 January 1884) Template:Ntsh40 years, 361 days Template:Ntsh1 year, 134 days Template:Ntsh42 years, 129 days 12 November 1964 80 years, 288 days
21 Ekman, Carl GustafCarl Gustaf Ekman 6 October 1872(October 1872) Template:Ntsh53 years, 244 days Template:Ntsh4 years, 177 days Template:Ntsh59 years, 305 days 15 June 1945 72 years, 252 days
22 Hamrin, FelixFelix Hamrin 14 January 1875(14 January 1875) Template:Ntsh57 years, 205 days Template:Ntsh49 days Template:Ntsh57 years, 254 days 27 November 1937 62 years, 317 days
23 Hansson, Per AlbinPer Albin Hansson 28 October 1885(28 October 1885) Template:Ntsh46 years, 332 days Template:Ntsh12 years, 277 days Template:Ntsh60 years, 343 days 6 October 1946 60 years, 343 days
24 Pehrsson-Bramstorp, AxelAxel Pehrsson-Bramstorp 19 August 1883(19 August 1883) Template:Ntsh52 years, 305 days Template:Ntsh101 days Template:Ntsh53 years,  40 days 19 February 1954 70 years, 184 days
25 Erlander, TageTage Erlander 13 June 1901(13 June 1901) Template:Ntsh45 years, 120 days Template:Ntsh23 years,  3 days Template:Ntsh68 years, 123 days 21 June 1985 84 years, 8 days
26 Palme, OlofOlof Palme 30 January 1927(30 January 1927) Template:Ntsh42 years, 257 days Template:Ntsh10 years, 139 days Template:Ntsh59 years,  30 days 28 February 1986 59 years, 29 days
27 Fälldin, ThorbjörnThorbjörn Fälldin 24 April 1926(24 April 1926) Template:Ntsh50 years, 167 days Template:Ntsh5 years,  10 days Template:Ntsh56 years, 167 days Living 94 years, 146 days
28 Ullsten, OlaOla Ullsten 23 June 1931(23 June 1931) Template:Ntsh47 years, 117 days Template:Ntsh359 days Template:Ntsh48 years, 111 days Living 89 years, 86 days
29 Carlsson, IngvarIngvar Carlsson 9 November 1934(9 November 1934) Template:Ntsh51 years, 112 days Template:Ntsh7 years,  19 days Template:Ntsh61 years, 134 days Living 85 years, 313 days
30 Bildt, CarlCarl Bildt 15 July 1949(15 July 1949) Template:Ntsh42 years,  91 days Template:Ntsh3 years,   3 days Template:Ntsh45 years,  94 days Living 71 years, 64 days
31 Persson, GöranGöran Persson 20 January 1949(20 January 1949) Template:Ntsh47 years,  62 days Template:Ntsh10 years, 198 days Template:Ntsh57 years, 259 days Living 71 years, 241 days
32 Reinfeldt, FredrikFredrik Reinfeldt 4 August 1965(4 August 1965) Template:Ntsh41 years,  63 days Template:Ntsh7 years, 362 days Template:Ntsh49 years,  60 days Living 55 years, 44 days
33 Löfven, StefanStefan Löfven 21 July 1957(21 July 1957) Template:Ntsh57 years,  73 days Template:Ntsh5 years, 350 days Incumbent Living 63 years, 58 days

Records

  • The earliest born prime minister was the third one to enter office, Carl Johan Thyselius, born on 8 June 1811. The latest born is Fredrik Reinfeldt, born on 4 August 1965.
  • The first prime minister to die (who also happens to be the first one born) was the third one to enter office (Carl Johan Thyselius), who died on 11 January 1891. The latest one to die was Olof Palme, who died on February 28, 1986.
  • The oldest prime minister has been Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, who died at an age of 91 years, 250 days. Of those still living, Thorbjörn Fälldin is the oldest, at an age of 94 years, 146 days. He made it into the "top 5 list" by surpassing Johan Ramstedt on 31 August 2008. He would have to live until 2 January 2018 to surpass Hjalmar Hammarskjöld and become the oldest Swedish prime minister ever (living until 1 January 2018, he would tie with Hammarskjöld).
  • The youngest prime minister at his death has been Robert Themptander, who died at an age of 52 years, 351 days.
  • The oldest prime minister to enter office was Carl Johan Thyselius, who entered office at an age of 72 years, 5 days. The youngest one was his closest successor Robert Themptander, who entered office at 40 years, 92 days.
  • The record for longest period in office is held by Tage Erlander at 23 years, 3 days. The shortest period in office is held by Östen Undén (5 days), but as he was only acting, the shortest ordinary period was Felix Hamrin's, lasting for 49 days.
  • The longest time span between two terms of the same minister was between Arvid Lindman's, at 16 years, 361 days between the end of his first term (7 October 1911) and the beginning of his second term (2 October 1928). The shortest time span between two terms of the same minister was 101 days, which was the time of Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp's term between the end of Per Albin Hansson's first (19 June 1936) and the beginning of his second (September 28, 1936).
  • Two of the prime ministers (Per Albin Hansson and Olof Palme) have died in office and Palme is the only one who has been assassinated. Thus, those two have not had any life after office (not counting their interim periods between their respective terms). When it comes to those who have, Hjalmar Branting had the shortest time, dying only 31 days after his resignation (he resigned because of health issues and died from Myocarditis and Gallstone). The prime minister living the longest time after resignation was Rickard Sandler, who died 38 years, 159 days after his resignation. This record will be surpassed by Ola Ullsten if he is still alive on 1 March 2018 (Ullsten would then be almost 87 years old).
  • The largest number of former and present prime minister living at the same time is 11, which has happened once. This period lasted from 24 September 1932 (the ascension of Per Albin Hansson) to 25 February 1935 (the death of Louis De Geer, Jr.) (2 years, 154 days). During that time, Per Albin Hansson was the present and former still living prime ministers were Johan Ramstedt, Arvid Lindman, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Nils Edén, Louis De Geer, Jr., Oscar von Sydow, Ernst Trygger, Rickard Sandler, Carl Gustaf Ekman, and Felix Hamrin.

See also

Notes

  1. The assassination of Charles M. Carlsson, 5 April 1850, aged 59
  2. Assassinated in office.
  3. After the assassination of Olof Palme, Carlsson was acting prime minister from 1 to 12 March 1986.
Template:Government ministries of Sweden

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