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Sigismund IV the Mad
Emperor Sigismund IV.JPG
Sigismund IV in 1887.
King of Poland
Grand Duke of Lithuania
Reign 17 September 1894 – 14 May 1899
Coronation 17 September 1894
Predecessor James II Casimir
Successor Charles I
Born 5 July 1853(1853-07-05)
Lviv, Poland (now Ukraine)
Died 14 May 1899 (aged 45)
Warsaw, Poland
Burial 16 July 1842(1842-07-16)
Royal Chapel, Dreux, France
Spouse Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Issue Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Leopold I of Belgium
Mother Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Sigismund IV the Mad's signature

Sigismund IV (Polish: Zygmunt IV, Lithuanian: Žygimantas IV, English exonym: Sigmund; 5 July 1853 – 14 May 1899), sometimes called Sigismund the Mad, was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania form 1894 to until his assassination in 1899. Born on Lviv in Poland (now Ukraine) under the reign of Sigismund's uncle, James Casimir I of Poland. His father, John IV become King after the death of his uncle, James Casimir I. Under his father's rule, he become Crown Prince of Poland which tried to make peace against Finland Republic over border agreement.

During his reign, he become one of the most failure monarchs in Poland even he have over 4 years, 7 months and 27 days. Which makes him one of the shortest monarchs. Following of his assassination in 1899. He was succeeded by Charles Frederick, the first monarch of the House of Łódź and oldest monarchs at the aged of 74.

Early years (1853–1858)

Education (1858–59)

Military services (1860–1877)

Death of his uncle and James II Casimir's Accession (1878)

Crown Prince (1872–1886)

Reign (1894–1899)

Assassination (1899)


Titles, styles, honours and arms


See also